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Mosquito-borne diseases (MBDCSP)

Mosquito-borne diseases: Causes, symptoms and prevention tips:

Mosquito-borne diseases tend to spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. Furthermore, diseases that are spread to people via mosquitoes are namely Chikungunya, dengue fever, malarial fever, and rarely seen infections like yellow fever and Zika virus disease.

To top it all, monsoon is underway and diseases like cChikungunya, dengue, and malaria are prevalent in these conditions. Hence, it is the need of the hour to stay healthy and keep mosquito-borne diseases at bay by following all the precautions.

Do you notice symptoms such as high-grade fever-with chills, joint pains, myalgia, headaches associated with fever? The diseases spread by mosquitoes can be caused by a parasite which is in malarial fever and viruses in Dengue and a few others. Some of these agents, causing Malaria, Chikungunya, have resulted in illnesses in people for many years and rare infections like Zika Virus have been spotted recently only. Urbanization, travel, and population growth are the factors that have increased the potential for mosquitoes to breed and hence cause diseases on a large scale.

People working outdoors, traveling to areas with mosquito-borne diseases, those people working in laboratories with infected samples from any mosquito-borne diseases, and also healthcare workers who take care of the patients who are infected with mosquito-borne diseases may get infected as transmission can occur via broken skin or even sharp injury on the body. Thus, one should be vigilant and take enough care to lead a healthy life.

Dengue fever:

This is caused by the dengue virus. One may exhibit symptoms after three to fourteen days after infection. This may include high fever, headache, joint pain, vomiting, muscle, and even skin rash. The recovery period may take two to seven days. Dengue fever can develop into dengue hemorrhagic fever as well, a more severe form of the disease, which includes symptoms such as bleeding under the skin and even constant vomiting. Dengue can be treated by drinking plenty of fluids, staying hydrated, and avoiding dehydration. In case the fever doesn’t go, then the patient will have to be admitted to the hospital and seek treatment.

CDC: Understanding Influenza Viruses

How to prevent mosquito-born diseases

*People tend to suffer from malaria during the rainy season. Hence, it is necessary to use mosquito repellent and wear full-sleeved clothes to avoid mosquito bites.

*Do not walk through dirty water and do not allow the water to get stagnated around your home, as they are the breeding spots for the mosquitoes.

*You must opt for screens on doors and windows, and do not forget to repair broken or damaged screens, right away. Keep unscreened doors and windows shut to prevent mosquitoes from entering the house.

*Use mosquito netting over beds without fail especially if there are children at home.

*Limit time outside around early morning or evening, when mosquitoes are most active.

*Don’t give mosquitoes places to breed. Get rid of standing water in things like buckets and tires. Empty and clean birdbaths, dog bowls, and flowerpots at least once a week and keep your surroundings clean.

*Stick to a well-balanced diet. Opt for colorful foods that can help improve immunity. Foods like broccoli, carrots, turmeric, and ginger can help strengthen the immune system, and can also be beneficial for the skin and hair. Likewise, turmeric is loaded with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and can help you get rid of cough. Garlic can help tackle common cold as it carries a cold-fighting compound known as allicin which has demonstrated antibacterial and antifungal properties. Eat foods loaded with vitamin C. Drink a lot of water and see to it that the water is boiled from time to time.

*Do not eat stale food and avoid cross-contamination of foods. Do not eat fruits and vegetables that are kept cut for a longer time as they can get infected with bacteria. Do not eat outside or junk food during monsoon.

*Vaccines can prevent some mosquito-borne illnesses such as dengue

Takeaway: Severe cases of mosquito-borne diseases can cause death. So, do not neglect your symptoms. Seek timely treatment and lead a healthy life. Do not be an Anti-Vaccer ESPECIALLY with 2020 and the China-Virus. Be safe!

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